The National Anti-Poverty Commission (NAPC) was created by virtue of Republic Act (RA) 8425, otherwise known as the "Social Reform and Poverty Alleviation Act," which took effect on 30 June 1998.
RA 8425 institutionalizes the government's Social Reform Agenda (SRA), which enjoins NAPC to strengthen and invigorate the partnerships between the national government and the basic sectors.
Through a systematic package of social interventions, the state hopes to ensure that social reform is a continuous process that addresses the basic inequities in Philippine society, and that a policy environment conducive to social reform is actively pursued.
- To act as the "coordinating and advisory body" that exercises oversight functions in implementing the SRA and ensure that it is incorporated into the formulation of national, regional, sub-regional and local development plans;
- To institutionalize basic sector and NGO participation in managing the SRA cycle;
- To develop microfinance by establishing the People's Development Trust Fund (PDTF) and strengthening the People's Credit and Finance Corporation as the forerunners for microfinance services; and
- To strengthen LGUs so they can incorporate the SRA in their local development efforts.
Powers and Functions
- Coordinate with different national and local government agencies and the private sector to assure full implementation of all social reform and poverty alleviation programs;
- Coordinate with local government units in the formulation of social reform and poverty alleviation programs for their respective areas in conformity with the National Anti-Poverty Action Agenda;
- Recommend policy and other measures to ensure the responsive implementation of the commitments under the SRA;
- Ensure meaningful representation and active participation of the basic sectors;
- Oversee, monitor and recommend measures to ensure the effective formulation, implementation and evaluation of policies, programs and resource allocation and management of social reform and poverty alleviation programs;
- Advocate for the mobilization of funds by the national and local governments to finance social reform and poverty alleviation programs and capability building activities of people’s organizations;
- Provide financial and non-financial incentives to local government units with counterpart resources for the implementation of social reform and poverty alleviation programs; and
- Submit an annual report to Congress.
The President, who chairs NAPC, is assisted by the Vice-Chairperson for the Government Sector and another Vice-Chairperson for the Basic Sectors. NAPC is supported by a Secretariat which is headed by Lead Convenor Liza L. Maza.